Chromium polynicotinate is an equally effective assimilated form of chromium which some researchers suggest may have more benefits for certain conditions than does the picolinate form. A recent study on antidepressant pharmacotherapy for dysthymic disorder (depression) in 5 patients showed that chromium polynicotinate supplementation led to remission of dysthymic symptoms and concluded that preliminary observations suggest that chromium may potentate antidepressant pharmacotherapy for dysthymic disorder. Another study on chromium polynicotinate in rats prevented the sucrose-induced elevation of systolic blood pressure and decreased measures of lipid peroxidation.
Chromium polynicotinate is a mineral that plays a pivotal role in the metabolism of glucose and is essential for energy production. Because chromium polynicotinate is thought to stabilize blood sugar levels it is used in the production of insulin. This mineral is especially important for people who suffer from diabetes and hypoglycemia, and it is also vital for the synthesis of cholesterol, fats and proteins. Chromium polynicotinate is considered to be the most effective type of chromium because it binds elemental chromium to vitamin B-3, making it more absorbable by the body.
Chromium polynicotinate is the mineral most required for anyone seeking to regulate their blood sugar. Your body tends not to receive enough chromium polynicotinate in its system since water and soil often lacks this essential mineral. Aside from blood sugar regulation, chromium polynicotinate is also great for diabetic patients because it promotes fat loss and increases lean muscle tissue.
Although chromium polynicotinate is thought to be a helpful mineral for those with diabetes and hypoglycemia, it also has its side effects. This mineral should be taken with food. Those who take the mineral should not take more than the safe adult dosage of 50 to 200mcg daily, although those who are taking chromium polynicotinate as part of a weight loss program will likely take 400mcg daily. Harmful side effects start to appear when people take more than 1,000mcg of the mineral a day. If taken for an extended period of time, it could lead to kidney failure, liver dysfunction, anemia and renal failure. Chromium polynicotinate can be commonly found in multivitamin supplements, so read the labels carefully before taking them.