CAS Registry Number:67-16-3
Percent Composition: C 51.23%, H 6.09%, N 19.91%, O 11.37%, S 11.40%
About half of the body stores of thiamin are found in skeletal muscles, with the remainder dispersed throughout the heart, liver, kidneys, and nervous tissues, including the brain. Thiamine and B12 are the only vitamins whose deficiencies have proven causes of neurologic disease. It takes only three weeks of a total dietary lack of thiamin to see the first signs of deficiency.
Thiamin's enzyme helper is "thiamin pyrophosphate," (TPP) needed to break down glucose, fats and carbohydrates vital for energy production. Thiamin promotes a normal appetite; aids in digestion; helps fight off motion sickness; keeps the nervous system, muscles and heart functioning normally; improves mental attitude; and has proven effective in the treatment of lead toxicity. Studies show that increased thiamin dosage stimulates neutrophil chemotaxis, an attraction of cells into an area of inflammation, thereby speeding the healing process.